Skin Allergy In Children – The Most Common Types

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Children are usually affected by three distinct types of skin allergies. Each of these types has different causes and, therefore, the treatment is different. In case you fail to identify the causes of an allergy in children and there is repeated exposure to the same allergen, the condition can get a lot worse. Therefore, it is of great importance for parents to look for the causes of allergies in their kids so that they can avoid triggering them once again.

Eczema

This is a rash that looks scaly and makes the skin really dry on different areas of the child’s body. However, the condition is worse on the folds of the skin and the hands. Eczema causes itching, and scratching the affected places makes the condition a lot worse. Such a rash can appear if the child ingests an allergen. The foods which are responsible for this type of skin allergy are many, but there are also other causes such as food additives and chemical agents.

The treatment for eczema is topical and includes skin moisturizers and ointments. However, the best way to deal with allergy in children is to find the allergen and eliminate the exposure to it as soon as possible. This can only be done with the help of a professional such as your doctor.

Contact dermatitis

This type of allergy results from touching something that affects the skin and causes a rash producing reaction. The symptoms include red and inflamed areas around the place of contact and sometimes even small blisters. The causes of contact dermatitis include plants like poison oak and poison ivy, chemicals like glue, dye, paint, soap, detergent, make-up and cleaning agents, latex, nickel and even certain fabrics.

The treatment for this type of allergy in children includes an antihistamine or some ointment or cream. The best way to deal with contact dermatitis is to determine the cause for the appearance of the rash and avoid it. It is easy to determine the cause because the rash spreads soon after the initial contact with the allergen and is on the part of the body which was in contact with it.

Hives

Hives are another type of rash that is characterized by small or large red bumps in groups or clusters on different parts of the body. It is systemic but it can sometimes be a contact-related allergy. Hives can appear after breathing in, touching or eating an allergen and sometimes can even be caused by strong emotional stress. Therefore, the cause of an outbreak is more difficult to identify.

Mild hives resolve without any treatment. For moderate hives you can use an antihistamine in capsule or liquid form and it will surely provide complete relief. Severe hives, on the other hand, must be treated immediately and call for a visit to the doctor or an emergency room. Such a condition can easily cause an anaphylactic reaction and even make breathing harder so it is one of the most dangerous allergies in children (allergi børn is the term in Danish).

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